General information  

General Information from Guatemala

a. Location and general data

Guatemala is located in the heart of America. It shares international borders with four nations. To the West and North with México, to the East with Belize and the Gulf of Honduras, to the Southeast with El Salvador and Honduras and to the South with Pacific Ocean.

General Data

Official Name: Republic of Guatemala
Population: 14,713,763 (2011)
Territorial Extension: 108,890 Km2
Political Division: 22 Departments and 334 Municipiums
Capital: Guatemala City
GDP (Gross Domestic Product):  US$ 78.681billion (2012)
GDP per capita:  US$ 5,208 (2012)
Currency:  Quetzal (Q)
Currency Exchange rate: US$ 1.00 per Q.7.80 (July, 2013)
Direct Foreign Investment: US$ 1,030 million (2011)
Main Investors: United States 30.4%, Mexico 10.1%, El Salvador 9.0%, Spain 8.7%
Language:  Spanish
Weather: Temperate, tropical and semitropical
Time zone: GMT -6 hours (normal) -5 (summer)
Phone calls (country code):  502
Electricity:  127 voltage, 60 hertz, and plug-in A (110)
Airport security tax: Q.20.00 or US$ 3.00 (applicable at departure)

Average Temperature and Rain Main Months

Centígrados: 18°19°20°21°21°21°20°20°19°19°19°18°

Rain Main Months: mayo, junio, julio, agosto, septiembre y octubre.

b. Touristic regions of Guatemala

Modern and Colonial Guatemala

The cosmopolitan present of the city of Guatemala, capital of the Republic, and the colonial past of Antigua Guatemala, declared Human Heritage by UNESCO, are integrated in this magical region of contrasts. It is the ideal place for commercial, religious, and cultural activities, as well as for the realization of congresses, conventions, and incentive trips, playing golf, health tourism, enjoying a diverse gastronomy, lodging in important hotel chains and in charming hotels, learning Spanish, as well as having fun in different entertainment centers.

High Plateau, live Mayan Culture

The Guatemalan high plateau is a region of extraordinary natural beauty and of invaluable cultural rich, integrated by the departments of Chimaltenango, Sololá, Quiché, Quetzaltenango, Totonicapán, and San Marcos. This area offers an endless quantity of options in order to submerge in the Mayan legacy, from Anthropology all the way to Archeology, the textile craftsmanship, the communal and rural tourism, the alternate medicine, and also to be the protagonist of an incredible mystic experience.

Petén, adventure in the Mayan World

In this region is where the greatness of the Mayan civilization can be appreciated in its maximum splendor, through fascinating archeological sites like the Tikal National Park (declared Natural and Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO), Yaxhá, Ceibal, Aguateca and San Bartolo, as well as El Mirador, where the largest pyramid in the world, by its squared meter construction, is located.

Izabal, a green Caribbean

The Guatemalan Caribbean has it all: a plentiful tropical nature where the Izabal Lake is located, the largest in the country, which flows into Río Dulce, river that flows into the Caribbean Sea.

Verapaces, natural paradise

This region is formed by the departments of Alta and Baja Verapaz. Here is where the Quetzal, the national animal symbol, can be appreciated; you can visit caves, coffee ranches, and orchid nurseries, among which the Monja Blanca, the national flower, stands out.

East, natural and mystic

A warm and seductive area integrated by the departments of Zacapa, Chiquimula, Jalapa, El Progreso, and Jutiapa. La Sierra de las Minas is located in this region, which offers one of the most splendid woodland ecosystem samples imaginable, as well as the Estanzuela Paleontology Museum in Zacapa.

Pacific, exotic and diverse

A land integrated by the departments of Escuintla, Retalhuleu, Suchitepéquez and Santa Rosa. It possesses imposing volcanic landscapes, natural reserves, volcanic sand beaches, mangroves, and important archeological sites as Takalik Abaj and El Baúl.

c. Detailed map of Guatemala

d. Distance between the main Guatemalan destinations

From/To Time Kms  Mls
Guatemala/Antigua  0h45 48  29.83
Guatemala/Atitlán  3h00 145  90.10
Guatemala/Chichicastenango  3h00 145  90.10
Guatemala/Río Dulce  4h00 300  186.41
Antigua/Atitlán  2h00  100  62.14
Antigua/Chichicastenango  2h40  120  74.56
Atitlán/Chichicastenango  1h00  40  24.85
Chichicastenango/Quetzaltenango  2h40 100  62.14
Flores/Tikal  0h40 63  39.15
Flores/Uaxactún  1h45  86  53.44
Flores/Yaxhá  1h15  73  45.36
Flores/Melchor de Mencos  1h20 89  55.30
Flores/Río Dulce  3h00  191  118.68
Flores&Villa Maya Hotel  0h15  36  22.37
Flores/Westin Camino Real -Tikal  0h40  36  22.37

e. Information about authentications (visa) to enter Guatemala

For further information about visa procedures:

For information about Guatemalan embassies in the world, visit:

f. Universities and higher education schools

The youth education is fundamental for the development of a country, is for that reason that Guatemala counts with 10 universities and higher education schools with high educational standards, well-established values and student exchanges with over 20 countries that complement their formation in an integral mode. Amongst the main universities Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Universidad Rafael Landívar, Universidad Del Valle de Guatemala, Universidad Francisco Marroquín, Universidad Rural de Guatemala, Universidad del Istmo, Universidad Panamericana de Guatemala, Universidad Galileo, and Universidad Mesoamericana stand out.

For information visit: